# Is 50 eye grade bad? An in-depth look

Hey there! As a tech geek and data analyst who loves all things streaming and gaming, visual acuity is super important to me. So when I recently got an eye exam and was told I have 20/50 vision, I wondered – is 50 eye grade bad?

I decided to dig into the nitty gritty details to find out. Let me share with you what I discovered. I hope you find this helpful and easy to understand!

## Defining some key terms first

Before we dive in, let‘s go over some optometry lingo so we‘re on the same page:

• Visual acuity measures the sharpness or clarity of vision. That‘s what those 20/20, 20/40, etc measurements indicate.

• Refractive error is when your eye cannot properly focus light, resulting in blurred vision. The main types are:

• Myopia (nearsightedness): Objects far away look blurry

• Hyperopia (farsightedness): Objects up close look blurry

• Astigmatism: Blurred vision at all distances due to an irregularly shaped cornea

• An eyeglass prescription specifies the type and amount of correction needed for refractive errors. It contains:

• Sphere (SPH): Corrects near or farsightedness

• Cylinder (CYL): Corrects astigmatism

• Axis: Specifies orientation of astigmatism correction

Okay, with those basics down, let‘s look at what different visual acuity measurements mean.

## How visual acuity works

Visual acuity is based on the eye chart test where you read progressively smaller letters from a distance of 20 feet.

• 20/20 vision is considered normal visual acuity. At 20 feet, you can read letters that someone with perfect vision could read from 20 feet away.

• 20/50 vision means you can read at 20 feet letters that a person with normal acuity could read from 50 feet away.

Here‘s a table summarizing different visual acuity measurements and what they indicate:

Visual Acuity Distance where "normal" eye can read Visual impairment severity
20/20 20 feet None
20/40 40 feet Mild
20/50 50 feet Mild
20/70 70 feet Moderate
20/100 100 feet Moderate
20/200 200 feet Severe

So when your eye doctor says you have 20/50 vision, it means you can read at 20 feet what a "normal" eye could read from 50 feet away.

This indicates mild vision impairment. Not terrible, but not ideal either.

Now let‘s look at what specific prescription numbers mean…

## Interpreting your eyeglass prescription

Remember, an eyeglass prescription has 3 components:

Sphere (SPH): The first number indicates if you are nearsighted or farsighted.

• A minus (-) sign means you are nearsighted.
• A plus (+) sign means you are farsighted.

The diopter value tells you how much correction you need:

• -0.50 is minor nearsightedness
• +2.00 is moderate farsightedness

Cylinder (CYL): The second number specifies how much astigmatism correction you need.

• A minus (-) CYL means you have nearsighted astigmatism.
• A plus (+) CYL means you have farsighted astigmatism.

Axis: The axis indicates the orientation of the astigmatism correction.

For example, a prescription of:

-0.50 -0.75 x 180 means:

• Sphere of -0.50: Mild nearsightedness
• Cylinder of -0.75: Nearsighted astigmatism
• Axis of 180°: Orientation of astigmatism correction

So a sphere of +/- 0.50 is considered a very minor refractive error. You may or may not need vision correction, depending on your symptoms.

Let‘s look at some statistics on how common various refractive errors are…

## Key statistics on refractive errors

refractive errors affect around 314 million people globally. Here are some interesting stats:

• Myopia is most common, affecting around 30% of the population. Rates have increased from 25% in the early 2000s to 34% by 2020.

• An estimated 1.96 billion people will be myopic by 2050.

• Hyperopia affects around 25% of the population. Rates remain stable compared to myopia.

• Americans aged 12 and older break down as:

• 24.4% with myopia
• 9.2% with hyperopia
• 37.2% with astigmatism
• Around 55% of Europeans aged 25 to 29 now have myopia.

So in summary, mild to moderate nearsightedness is very common today, especially amongst young people. Let‘s look at when vision correction is needed…

## Guidelines for when to wear glasses

The American Optometric Association provides these general guidelines on when vision correction is recommended:

For nearsightedness:

• Mild (-0.25 to -2.00): Glasses may not be needed
• Moderate (-2.25 to -5.00): Glasses usually recommended
• High (worse than -5.00): Glasses definitely needed

For farsightedness:

• Mild (+0.25 to +2.00): May not need glasses
• Moderate (+2.25 to +5.00): Glasses usually recommended
• High (worse than +5.00): Glasses definitely needed

For astigmatism:

• 0.50 D or less: Likely won‘t impact vision
• 0.75 to 2.00 D: Glasses often needed
• Over 2.00 D: Glasses definitely needed

But remember, every patient‘s needs are unique! I suggest seeing your optometrist to determine if and when vision correction makes sense for your eyes and prescription.

Now let‘s look beyond just glasses…

## Treatment options for refractive errors

If you have nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism, here are some ways to correct your vision besides eyeglasses:

• Contact lenses: These correct vision just like glasses but are more convenient for sports and activities.

• Refractive eye surgery: Procedures like LASIK use lasers to reshape the cornea and permanently reduce dependency on glasses or contacts.

• Orthokeratology: These specialized rigid contact lenses are worn at night to temporarily correct vision during the day.

• Pharmaceutical eye drops: Some FDA-approved drops have been shown to slow the progression of nearsightedness in children.

Your ophthalmologist or optometrist can help determine which option may be best for your eyes and prescription.

I hope this guide gave you a clearer picture on eye prescriptions and what it means if your eye grade is 50! Let me know if you have any other vision questions.