The Ultimate Guide to Pokémon Card Grading: Everything You Need to Know

As a seasoned Pokémon Trading Card Game collector, I‘ve seen the hobby evolve tremendously over the past two decades. From the early days of Base Set to the modern era of Secret Rares and Rainbow Rares, one constant has been the desire to collect and preserve the most pristine cards possible. That‘s where professional grading comes in.

In this comprehensive guide, I‘ll share my knowledge and experience to help you navigate the complex world of Pokémon card grading. Whether you‘re a casual collector or a high-stakes investor, understanding the ins and outs of grading is essential to making informed decisions about your collection.

The History and Rise of Pokémon Card Grading

Card grading has been a part of the sports and gaming collectibles industry for decades, but it didn‘t take off in the Pokémon TCG until the early 2000s. As the game exploded in popularity and value, collectors began seeking ways to authenticate and protect their most prized possessions.

PSA, the leading card grading company, first started accepting Pokémon cards in 2003. They received a mere 146 Pokémon submissions that year. Fast forward to 2020, and PSA graded over 1 million Pokémon cards in a single year for the first time ever, according to their annual report.

This exponential growth can be attributed to a few key factors:

  1. Nostalgia: As the kids who grew up with Pokémon in the late 90s and early 2000s reached adulthood, they began seeking out the cards of their childhood, often with a newfound appreciation for their value and rarity.

  2. Investment: Pokémon cards have shown to be a resilient and lucrative alternative investment. High-grade vintage cards like 1st Edition Base Set Charizards have sold for over $300,000 in recent years, attracting a new class of collector-investors.

  3. Social Media: The rise of platforms like Instagram, YouTube and TikTok has created a thriving online community of Pokémon card collectors. Influencers and content creators have helped popularize grading and showcase the incredible value of rare, high-grade cards.

  4. Grading Accessibility: Whereas grading was once a niche service, companies like PSA, CGC and Beckett have made it more mainstream and accessible than ever before. Collectors can easily submit their cards through online portals and even drop off locations.

Today, grading is a fundamental part of the Pokémon TCG collecting experience. Hobbyists at all levels utilize and benefit from encapsulation services. Whether you‘re looking to preserve your childhood collection or maximize your investing potential, it‘s important to understand how grading works and how to leverage it effectively.

Case Studies: The Impact of Grading on Pokémon Card Values

To illustrate just how transformative grading can be for a Pokémon card‘s value, let‘s examine a few real-world examples.

1st Edition Base Set Charizard (Holo)
Perhaps the most iconic Pokémon card of all time, this Charizard‘s value has skyrocketed in recent years, particularly in high grades.

According to data from PSA, as of September 2021, the pop report shows:

  • 2,642 total graded
  • 122 PSA 10 Gem Mint
  • 784 PSA 9 Mint
  • 844 PSA 8 Near Mint-Mint

Recent sales data spotlights the extreme premium for high grades:

  • PSA 10: $264,000 (Heritage Auctions, January 2021)
  • PSA 9: $20,000 to $50,000 range
  • PSA 8: $3,000 to $10,000 range

As you can see, the same card can vary in value by orders of magnitude based on grade. Getting that coveted PSA 10 can mean the difference between a five-figure and six-figure asset.

Gold Star Espeon (Holo)
A more "modern" example from 2005‘s EX Unseen Forces set, this stunning card features the psychic Eeveelution in a unique holo pattern.

Let‘s compare the PSA pop report data to recent sales:

  • 235 total graded
  • 24 PSA 10 Gem Mint
  • 92 PSA 9 Mint
  • 87 PSA 8 Near Mint-Mint

Recent sales:

  • PSA 10: $10,000 to $20,000 range
  • PSA 9: $2,000 to $3,500 range
  • PSA 8: $700 to $1,200 range

Even for a more niche card like this, high grades command a significant premium. PSA 10s routinely sell for five to six times more than PSA 8s and 9s.

These are just two examples, but you‘ll find a similar value dynamic across nearly every graded Pokémon card. Simply put – condition is king. A numerical grade from PSA, CGC or Beckett provides buyers with the confidence to pay top dollar for proven quality.

Of course, value shouldn‘t be the only reason you grade your Pokémon cards. For many collectors, encapsulation is just as much about preserving and protecting their cherished pieces of art and history. But there‘s no denying the positive financial impact grading can have.

Choosing the Right Grading Company for Your Pokémon Cards

As I mentioned earlier, PSA, CGC and Beckett are widely considered the "big three" in Pokémon card grading. Each one brings certain advantages and considerations. Let‘s break them down further.

PSA (Professional Sports Authenticator)
As the first and most established name in the business, PSA is the go-to for most serious Pokémon collectors. They‘ve graded over 40 million cards and have a reputation for consistency and integrity.


  • Most widely recognized and trusted by buyers and sellers
  • Extensive pop report data to compare your cards against
  • Simple 10-point grading scale
  • Excellent online resources and customer support


  • Higher prices than CGC and Beckett for most service levels
  • Longer turnaround times due to high demand
  • No sub-grades offered

I‘ve personally had great experiences with PSA over the years. While not the cheapest or fastest, their grading team is extremely knowledgeable and their slabs have a timeless aesthetic. If you ask me, it‘s worth paying a bit more for the peace of mind and liquidity that comes with a PSA grade.

CGC (Certified Guaranty Company)
Although best known for comic book grading, CGC has made a successful foray into Pokémon cards in recent years. Their slabs have a sleek, modern look and feel.


  • Lower prices than PSA for most service levels
  • Faster turnaround times on average
  • Sub-grades included with Pristine grading tier
  • Excellent online submission process and order tracking


  • Not as widely recognized or trusted as PSA (yet)
  • Smaller pop report database to reference
  • Slabs are sometimes more prone to scratches than PSA

CGC has quickly become a major player in the Pokémon grading space. I‘ve found their graders to have a strong attention to detail and their slabs feel substantial in hand. For collectors on a bit more of a budget, CGC is certainly a viable alternative to PSA.

Beckett Grading Services (BGS)
With a long history in sport card grading, Beckett has also carved out a niche in the Pokémon world. Their unique "black label" pristine designation is highly coveted.


  • Sub-grades come standard with every card
  • Unique "black label" pristine grade for 10 sub-grades across the board
  • Strong protection with thick, durable slabs
  • Reputation for tough, consistent grading


  • Highest prices of the big three companies
  • Longer turnaround times, especially for pristine grading
  • Somewhat confusing grading scales and label options

Beckett has a loyal following among sports card collectors, and that reputation carries over to Pokémon as well. I‘ve been impressed by BGS slabs I‘ve seen in person – they definitely feel the most substantial. If you‘re chasing that elusive black label 10 grade and don‘t mind paying a premium, BGS is a great choice.

Ultimately, there‘s no definitive "best" grading company for Pokémon cards. It depends on your budget, timeline, and priorities. I always encourage collectors to explore all of their options. Many serious hobbyists actually opt to grade with multiple companies to diversify their collection.

Expert Tips for Maximizing Your Pokémon Cards‘ Grade Potential

Are you ready to submit your Pokémon cards for grading? As a longtime collector who has been through the process many times, I‘ve learned some key lessons for achieving the best results. Here are my top five tips:

  1. Be selective. Not every card is worth grading. Focus on vintage, high-value, or sentimentally significant cards. If a card has visible damage or wear, it may not be a candidate for grading.

  2. Handle cards with care. When preparing your card for submission, use gloves or finger sleeves to avoid leaving behind oils and debris. Gently place the card in a soft penny sleeve and then a semi-rigid card saver.

  3. Avoid altering or cleaning your cards. It may be tempting to try to remove a blemish or spot of dirt, but this often does more harm than good. Let the professionals handle any cleaning or alterations.

  4. Choose your service level wisely. Consider the card‘s estimated value and your timeline when selecting a grading tier. For most cards, a mid-range service level with a 30 to 45 day turnaround is sufficient.

  5. Manage expectations. Not every card is going to come back a 10, and that‘s okay. Remember that a grade is just one opinion. The most important thing is that you‘re preserving your cards for the long term.

Once you receive your graded card back, store it in a cool, dry place out of direct sunlight. You may also want to invest in an outer sleeve specifically designed for slabs to prevent scratches.

The Future of Pokémon Card Grading

As the Pokémon TCG hobby continues to grow and evolve, so too does the grading landscape. Recent trends and developments suggest an exciting future for collectors.

One major trend is the rise of online grading. Companies like GMA Grading have introduced AI-based grading that allows collectors to get instant, affordable grades from the comfort of their homes. While not a replacement for professional grading, these tools can help collectors make more informed decisions about which cards to submit.

We‘re also seeing increased competition and specialization among grading companies. Newcomers like HGA Grading are bringing innovative label designs and slab technologies to the table. Meanwhile, specialty companies like KSA Grading offer unique oversized slabs for jumbo cards and art pieces.

As the market for graded Pokémon cards matures, I expect we‘ll continue to see a premium placed on high-grade, low-population vintage cards. Collectors and investors will seek out the rarest of the rare in the best condition possible. Graded cards will increasingly be seen as alternative assets in a diversified portfolio.

At the same time, I hope that grading remains accessible and appealing to collectors at all levels. Not every card needs to be a five or six-figure investment piece. There‘s immense joy and satisfaction in encapsulating your personal favorites and cherished childhood memories, regardless of grade.

That‘s the beauty of grading – it meets you where you are as a collector. Whether you‘re aiming for the highest ROI or simply want to preserve a piece of history, grading can help you achieve your goals. It‘s a service that benefits the entire hobby.

Let‘s Recap: Key Takeaways for Pokémon Card Grading

We‘ve covered a lot of ground in this guide to Pokémon card grading. Here are the key points to remember:

  1. Grading authenticates, preserves, and maximizes the value of your Pokémon cards by assigning an impartial grade from 1 to 10.

  2. PSA, CGC, and Beckett are the most trusted and widely recognized grading companies, each with their own strengths and pros.

  3. Graded cards, especially in high grades, can be worth exponentially more than their raw counterparts. Grading is particularly important for vintage and rare cards.

  4. Condition is king in grading. Aim to submit cards with minimal wear, good centering, and no visible damage for the best results.

  5. The future of Pokémon card grading is bright, with continued growth, innovation, and investment potential. Grading benefits collectors at all levels.

Whether you‘re a seasoned collector or just getting started, I highly recommend exploring grading as a way to enhance and protect your Pokémon card collection. With patience, selectivity, and a focus on quality, you can achieve impressive results.

At the end of the day, collecting Pokémon cards should be a fulfilling and enjoyable pursuit. Grading is a tool that can help you along that journey – but it‘s not the only path to collecting satisfaction. Trust your instincts, stay true to your goals, and most importantly, have fun.

I hope this guide has been informative and inspiring for your collecting journey. If you have any further questions, feel free to reach out. Until next time, happy collecting!

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